Androgenetic Alopecia Explanation and Causes

During these twenty years of experience, many customers (more than 50,000) addressed themselves to our company and this is the reason we want to make our experience available to you, and to illustrate Androgenetic Alopecia in a more specific way.

So here you will find the answers to your possible doubts and know the different nuances of the topic in order to face Androgenetic Alopecia in the best way.

For greater clarity and immediacy, we proceed to organize our article in some points:

  • What is Androgenetic Alopecia?
  • How does the AA appear and what are the signs to recognize it
  • What causes Androgenetic Alopecia?
  • What treatments are there for Androgenetic Alopecia, the testimonials of our customers

About 88% of the male population suffers from alopecia.


We see that the incidence rate is so high because this is the most common form of baldness which is very often experienced by the unconscious as a real drama.

Alopecia consists of a reduction in hair thickness and is a real pathology of the scalp. It can take several forms including: Alopecia Areata, Alopecia caused by malnutrition, Alopecia from psycho-physical trauma, post-infectious Alopecia etc. But this is the most common form of alopecia, Androgenetic Alopecia.

It is also called Common Baldness and it is a follicle disease that arises in our body and this leads to a deterioration in the quality of the hair causing it to thin and subsequently and to lose partially or totally.

It is called “Androgenic” alopecia because this pathology is triggered by a hormone (male hormone) called DHT, dihydrotestosterone. is a derivative of testosterone produced in men by the testicle and adrenal cortex, which regulates the function of the sexual organs.

About women, we can say that Androgenetic Alopecia affects about one on four women and the same hormone is generated in small quantities, in the ovary and the cells of the theca and the
adrenal glands.

Androgenetic alopecia occurs in two stages:

  • Fast androgenetic alopecia, it develops very early, immediately after puberty and approximatively at the age of 20 years and it can also be very advanceded.
  • Slow androgenetic alopecia, peaks around 20-30 years, progresses at 40-50 years and then slows down but does not stop.

But what is androgenetic alopecia caused by?

Baldness does not depend on a single triggering cause but on a complex of causes.

Genetic causes

Genetics is one of the most common causes, and in many cases androgenetic alopecia can be developped by genetic causes that largely affect its evolution.

Hormonal problems: high testosterone levels, adrenal glands, malfunction of the thyroid gland. In women, the ovaries, the pituitary gland, endocrinopathies such as hypothyroidism, menopause, the ovarian polycyst, or even virilizing tumors or androgen therapies.

Diet problems

Slimming diets, lack of vitamins, anemias and problems of assimilation of vitamins, malnutrition and diseases such as anorexia directly affect hair growth.

Chemical and pharmacological products

The use of some antidepressants chemotherapy, some drugs such as the beta particle indicated for heart failure, and many others.

Psychological reasons

Psychological causes are lack of sleep, physical or psychological stress, unpleasant emotional states in many cases the situation of personal difficulty, different situations such as fevers, bleeding,
postpartum etc. can trigger alopecia.

Androgenetic alopecia is linked to an increase in the activity of the receptors of an androgen in particular, the Dihydrotestosterone better known as DHT, the presence of an excessive amount of this androgen has deleterious effects on sensitive follicles.

It causes a progressive thinning and over time the degenerative evolution leads it to total atrophy (miniaturization process).

The cause of baldness has a name, Prostaglandina PGD2!

DHT is not the only culprit, an in-depth study achieved by numerous international researchers identifies the cause of baldness in a protein.

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is not the only culprit in hair loss. In fact, baldness is always due to a set of common causes and a multitude of different causes in each patient.

But a latest internationally proven scientific discovery has given a name to the most important cause of baldness, Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2). Researchers from the University of Pensylvania have identified an abnormal amount of a protein called Prostaglandin D2 in the scalp of men with baldness.

The discovery could lead to new treatments for the treatment of the disease. In the human and animal model, researchers have found that a Prostaglandin known as PGD2, and its derivative 15-dPGJ2, inhibit hair growth.

How to limit the production of Prostaglandine PGD2?

Inhibiting the synthesis of Prostaglandine PGD2 is necessary in order to obtain a powerful anti-inflammatory action and a more complete result. Ozone is composed of 3 oxygen atoms, which allow greater cellular oxygenation of the scalp and and of the hair follicle that is necessary to restore its vital function.

The increase in oxygen in the metabolic system causes greater energy and significantly improves the micro circulation of the hair.

In addition to blocking the synthesis of PGD2 prostaglandins, ozone has a powerful anti-inflammatory action to solve the most aggressive seborrheic dermatitis, excess sebum, dandruff, and also has a strong impact on the treatment of skin psoriasis. Hairozone is included in the bSBS medical protocol.

Androgenetic alopecia, where it affects men and where it affects women

They occur in a different way, their origins are similar, but they are affected by personal and genetic factors.

Male androgenic alopecia

In man it begins with a progressive thinning of the hair, called the miniaturization process, subsequently the degeneration of the follicle will create empty spaces in which the skin can be glimpsed, the result of which is a thinning effect.

The last phase is the fall of the follicle which become just like vellus (hair similar to that of the newborn), no longer creates adequate coverage of the skin, generating true empty spaces.

It can mainly affect the front, temples and vertex (apex of the head), in other cases it can be spread all over the head or affect one part first then the other.

Only in the miniaturization phase it is possible to intervene with a Regenerative Medicine therapy and obtain valuable results, where baldness takes more advanced forms, the degenerative process
cannot be stemmed except with a truly targeted and complete action that ends with the association between Regenerative Medicine, treatment and micro surgery.

Female androgenetic alopecia

In women it occurs with a progressive thinning of the hair in the central region of the head, the hair appears thinner, above all in correspondence with the central parting, whereby the scalp becomes visible. Especially in young women, thinning is often more evident on the forehead.

In menopausal women, on the other hand, receding hairline is also frequent, similar to that seen in men. Even in the most serious cases, however, complete baldness is never observed but only severe thinning.

The possible treatments for androgenetic baldness are many but the most effective come from stem cells and from the natural inhibition, called regularization, of some pathologies harmful to the follicles.

protesis parcial de encaje suizo

What are the treatments for Alopecia?

Alopecia is a very complex pathology and as such cannot be tackled in a simplistic way.

One of the fundamental things is the dermatological visit to ascertain the causes of alopecia such as possible hormonal and genetic factors.

Hairtransplantation even if microsurgery has evolved in recent years, cannot in any case, solve the patient’s real problem at the base. In fact hairtransplantation is a solution that allows you to cover the problem but by its nature does not solve it.

If the auto-transplantation does not rest on a real health basis, it is a procedure that can take place several times and it is easy to meet patients who have performed multiple hairtransplantations.
Laser therapy. It is a therapy without side effects and if used constantly it can really slow down hair loss and improve blood circulation.

There are many types of lasers but the most effective and professional one is Capillus272 Pro. It is good to know that it is a therapeutic approach to be considered supportive of Regenerative Medicine and not a complete solution for its own sake.

Pharmacological therapy against alopecia. It allows to slow down the thinning process for a period, the possible side effects of these inhibitory drugs are known and much more serious than
hair loss.

Choose to buy a sophisticated and adequate capillary system. It allows you to make a choice that does not involve drug treatment or surgery, giving you a completely new and natural-looking

As for the later choice, in Newlacecu we create the most modern and highest quality trichological systems that ensure PERFECT ADHERENCE, SOFTNESS, COMFORT, and SURPRISING

Feel free to contact us to find out more, we will be happy to answer to all your questions and give you all the information you want.

We hope you enjoyed the article, we look forward to seeing you again at the next one!

Giuseppe Vesconsi

Autor: Giuseppe Vescosi

Giuseppe Vescosi is a digital marketing agent for Newlacecu wig co. He discovered modern hair implants back in 1995, for personal reasons (he suffers from alopecia areata universal) He was one of the first experts in America and later in Europe on modern hair systems, writing several articles and dealing with them in various forums. In 2006 he traveled to China and got to know the main Asian hair prosthesis factories, later establishing a long-term collaboration with Xiufei Wu's Newlaecu wig company. Today he is considered an important expert in hair prostheses, their construction and use. In addition, in these 30 years he has never stopped studying the causes of alopecia and baldness and the alternatives for people with this condition.
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